Children’s Pediatric Dentistry
Against children who had performed all kinds of treatment and preventive dentistry, dentists with special training in this regard pedodontist (children’s dentist), the branch of dentistry, pediatric dentistry, this is called.
This branch of science is divided into 2 basic basis. The first is to treat the problems that have occurred, to prevent problems that may occur and the second is to apply protective and preventive treatments.
Common Problems in Children
Caries, the main reasons for the occurrence of caries in children with honey and milk, baby food … for a long time as foods (especially at night) remains at the surface of teeth. In addition, inadequate brushing, unhealthy diet, carbonated soft drinks revenue. Rotten teeth cleaned and the filling is placed and remains at the mouth of the tooth in a healthy way.
Pulse, a common problem in children of firmness. Impact from the tooth, even if there is any problem should always consult your dentist. The teeth of living tissue with the effect of the coup from’’Pulp’’may lose viability. This situation may be temporary or permanent. Dental lose viability when the pain, tooth abscess, or from below etkiyecek can cause problems.
Dislocation of the other problems that can occur with a blow to the teeth, displacement, palate may be buried. In this case you must go to the dentist as soon as possible. The displaced or buried in soft hand movements instead of tooth vitality of the tooth should be placed and controls should be checked regularly. If a milk tooth mouth or rented immediately, kept in serum or saliva as soon as possible (1 hour should not exceed) Visit your dentist. In this case, instead of the tooth may have a chance to re-placement.
Fracture; kaybolmamışsa part of the broken tooth, the dentist should be taken to hiding. Other piece of the broken piece of tooth be glued back with the help of the bonding agents. If you are part of the broken tooth can not be found, that a broken tooth, composite fillings can be restored. Some fractures may be too large to be corrected with a filling. Composite veneer can be applied in this case.
Extraction; milk or if it is always a draw will not remain in the mouth with the teeth to be treated. Milk teeth after taking the permanent teeth will come from the bottom. Continuing to maintain the position of the tooth must be made in the apparatus of a drug. Permanent teeth tooth does not mean other places withdrew. In such cases, the positions of the teeth, orthodontic treatment may be required to remain close and smooth aesthetics and a dentist should be consulted.
Clean, removal is the process of plaque on the teeth. Especially in appointments to meet with the dentist is the first and get used to a dentist as a child and provides other treatments.
The importance of milk teeth
Milk teeth should be treated the same as in the permanent teeth. “What will change is!” the idea of the withdrawal of the teeth can cause many problems. Milk teeth, he explained the importance of treatment, the importance of the diet are milk teeth. Rotten teeth, the teeth of children who can not eat properly for ağrıdığı. Meals taken in the teeth the same way, children grow and thrive for yiyemedikleri. In addition to the development of the general body is required for the development of milk teeth, jaws. Rotten teeth due to gum problems or crashes captured jaws in children and the elderly take a look. The teeth need to talk. Speech is learned in the pre-milk teeth are missing, especially f, v, s, z, t the letters came into the habit of a lifetime will lead to the wrong pronunciation.
Every child loves to laugh. If there is a need healthy teeth for a beautiful smile.
Every man’s natural desire to look beautiful large and small. Children who think they look ugly, rotten or missing teeth are uncomfortable psychologically. Milk teeth are replaced by permanent teeth from an other task is to protect the bottom. Imagine 10 children sitting side by side in a row. One of them is a shift towards a more comfortable when the others sit in his place. A new child come and sit in the order lifted, the others will have to be pinched. In the same way that the teeth on the right side of a milk tooth is pulled out prematurely sliding into the space. In permanent teeth do not come from the bottom. This thread compresses the others, occurs as a result, çapraşıklıklar. However, early extraction of primary teeth to permanent teeth revises periods of riding.
Baby bottle tooth decay in infants
Baby bottle tooth decay, especially in milk teeth of the upper jaw, together with continued into the front region of the incisor teeth “common rotten, rotten rapmant” also known as a special type of a bruise. Before going to bed at night or during sleep, the baby sucks the mother’s milk or a bottle (especially a bottle with sugar, bisküvili, milk, honey or molasses is given to the baby, and this process is repeated continuously, especially during the night), milk accumulates in the mouth creates a favorable environment for microbes to refute the teeth. In addition, the pacifier false honey, sugar makes the introduction of a more severe effect. During this period, the teeth enamel (the tooth’s outer layer) structure, and especially mothers to be more resistant to brush yet to begin “early” to think that as a result of poor oral hygiene, dental caries is a progressive type of baby bottle decay is very fast. Mothers often express this period takes place as soon as illicit. For these reasons, particular care should be taken at night cleaning the teeth after feeding. Nutrition or cheesecloth, then with the help of a buffer gas on the foods be removed and the teeth of infants may be diluted with water. Bottle at bedtime should not be left in the mouth.
It brought the child to the dentist early and corrected in the initial situation, the child’s upper front teeth and then later in the upper milk molars, and almost all the teeth from decay periods may be ruined.
Oral Care-Brush, the first teeth in the mouth appears, begin cleaning. Using a clean cheesecloth or gauze in the morning, after breakfast and before bedtime should be cleaned by wiping the teeth. After the outbreak of the baby’s back teeth may start to use a tooth brush. Pre-school children and suggest a technique for brushing your teeth is very difficult to enforce. Which is important at this age, children acquire the habit of brushing your teeth. Children between the teeth and the teeth are often visible or easily accessible brushes their faces. Yet the germs, the chewing surfaces of teeth, or more likely to accumulate interfaces. Therefore, after brushing your parents control is essential. School-age children with tooth-gum junction instead of the brush placed at 45 ° inclination of the rotation movement of the surfaces of the teeth appear, then the chewing surfaces of teeth brushing is recommended forward-backward movements.
Application of fluoride, tooth structure, strengthening the efficiency of today’s well-known article “fluoride” is observed. Fluoride to prevent tooth decay, an element that reinforces the structure of the teeth.
In which some, such as fluoride toothpastes is located in the foodstuffs.
But children as they often neglect to brush their teeth against decay-resistant teeth are not received, to ensure their adequate fluoride. To avoid this situation in our clinic professional fluoride applications are superficial. Professional superficial application of fluoride by your dentist or just a way of uygulanılabilen. Superficial application of fluoride, especially in children’s teeth are prone to rot. Adequate amounts of fluoride on the teeth and is stored in this way, by strengthening the structure of the teeth is decay-resistant.
Superficial fluoride application is done every 6 months but may be effective. To do this, bring your children to the dentist on a regular basis every 6 months.
Fissure sealent (dental sealant), the chewing surfaces of teeth indented, jagged coast. Mounds, pits and fissures, and this is called pitting. These areas are usually quite narrow, and because of the bruises are excepted as foods chock temizlenememesi. In these regions and consequently the accumulation of microorganisms in food and a special fluid fillers are used in order to prevent decay. First of all, this area is fully cleaned and fissure sealants are applied to this area we call the fill fluid. Light and hardened and polished to correct any excess. Thanks to this process approximately 70% of all the bruises will be able to protect the chewing surface caries. Under normal conditions, with many years kullanılabilmekle especially those habits such as teeth grinding or chewing ice is often a good idea to be controlled.
Ideal for the first permanent teeth in the mouth, following the application. This is about the age of 6 years. Applied to others in times of riding the other molars. One important point shortly after the permanent teeth start to lead yaptırmanın (1-2 year,) you will be better. Because a higher risk of dental caries and fissure sealant instead of the longer you may need to fill.
Uygulanabilmekle larger models with caries, more useful and important for use in children. Absolutely painless and very easy process.
Place Holder; Early tooth loss situations, while maintaining the existing places of permanent teeth is used to provide settlers kaviste apareylerdir properly. With the early loss of milk teeth will move the teeth into the space. Thus consists of deviousness and chewing, speech disorders occur.
If your child’s milk teeth is lost early because of decay or trauma, the protection of holders of milk tooth cavity shooting location, your child’s future is very important in terms of age, have an ideal set of teeth.
Periodontology is a branch of science that examines the surrounding tissues of the tooth (bone, gingiva, cementum, periodontal fibers). Periodontal disease is localized infections affecting the alveolar bone, periodontal ligament and gingiva, which are the supporting tissues of the teeth, and if they are not treated, they cause tooth loss. The basis of periodontal treatment is based on the mechanical removal of bacterial products (plaque-tartar).
They are used in anti-microbial drugs such as chemotherapeutic treatment methods, antiseptic agents, non-steroid anti-inflammatory drugs and antibiotics, which are applied in support of mechanical therapy. The drugs commonly used are tetracycline, metronidazole and chlorhexidine group drugs.
Gingival disease covers an area ranging from gingivitis to melting of the jaw bone and losing the supporting tissues of the teeth (periodontitis). In the gum disease, complaints such as swelling, reddening, bleeding, plaque and stone formation, gum recession, bad breath occur in the gum disease. You should definitely go to the dentist.
The most important cause of gum disease is the plaque accumulated on the tooth surface as a result of not regular and correct brushing and the tartar formed as a result of their calcification. If this layer is not cleaned, they form the beginning of gum problems.
Healthy gingiva is light pink in color, hard-cramped consistency, ending like a knife ridge at the junction with the tooth, its surface is in the appearance of an orange peel. The healthy gingiva wraps around the neck of the tooth like a collar and this is called a gingival groove. If there is bleeding, it means that there is a deterioration in gum health.
Tartar (tartar) is the hard layer formed by calcification of microbial dental plaque if it is not removed from the teeth. Proper brushing cannot be done in the areas where the tartar is present and causes the gum to recede as the accumulation continues.
It is a situation in which only the gingiva is affected among the periodontal tissues, and the hard tissues have not been damaged yet. In gingivitis, the gums are red and swollen, the gums on the surface have disappeared and the tissue has become shiny. There are bleeding during tooth brushing or spontaneous. Treatment; The problem can be solved with early diagnosis, plaque and tartar removal, regular brushing of the patient and the use of dental floss.
Chronic inflammation that started in the gingiva has now surrounded the alvepl bone and periodontal ligaments. Tissue destruction has begun in both soft tissue and hard tissue. Due to bone resorption, the gingival groove deepens and pathological gingival pocket occurs. Bad odor and bleeding gums are seen in the mouth. As a related gingival disease, sensitivity to cold-hot develops in the tooth. TREATMENT; The aim is to correct the damages in soft and hard tissues, to eliminate the pocket and to bring it back to the level where the patient can easily brush and clean. For this purpose, gingival pocket shallowing operation and correction of the alveolar bone are performed.
Protection From Periodontal Disease
If there are no genetic factors, you can avoid gum ailments by following the above items.